Article written by Laure Deflandre, psychologist
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that results from the body’s resistance to insulin and hyperglycemia (= chronic excess of blood sugar). We talk about “insulin resistance” or “non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (DNID)”. 1
In general, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes occurs relatively late. It is frequently detected in individuals aged 40 to 50 years, often in the context of overweight, sometimes hypertension and too high cholesterol. However, the age of onset of the disease is earlier. In fact, in recent years, the first cases of children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes have appeared. 2
The announcement of the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is a very important moment of care. The doctor’s explanations given to the patient are decisive in the follow-up that he will have to set up afterwards. It is thus important that the professional informs his patients in a clear and precise manner on the disease, the treatment to be followed and also, on the advice to be given for good dietary hygiene.
The doctor will have to be attentive to the patient and those around him / her regularly because the diagnosis of diabetes can constitute a shock and a stress that can disrupt the life of a person and his loved ones.
Following the announcement of the diagnosis of a chronic disease, the patient will have to perform psychological acceptance work for proper implementation of treatment monitoring and compliance with a healthy lifestyle and food.
The non-acceptance of diabetes by the diabetic person could compromise his treatment because he will not be motivated to follow his glycemic controls or to respect the hygieno-dietetic advice given by the doctor for a better quality of life. In the long term, this could harm his physical and mental health.